The name is derived originally
from the comparison in weight of diamonds to the
seeds of the carob tree. Standardized in 1907, one
carat became 0.2 grams. (1 gram = 5 carats) Further,
one carat is divided into 100 "points". 25
points is 1/4 carat, 50 points is 1/2 carat, and 93
points is, well, 93 points, or 0.93 carat. To give
you an idea of size, the diameter of a 1/4 carat
Diamond is about 4mm. The diameter of a one carat
Diamond is about 6.5mm. At Bargar Jewelry, the rule
of thumb is that you the customer are in charge, but
we will always emphasize quality over carat weight,
Almost all Diamonds contain some form of internal
natural characteristics. Called inclusions, these can
be small traces of carbon (black spots), air pockets
(white spots), or other naturally occuring phenomena.
They are the fingerprints of your Diamond. The
smaller the inclusions, the more valuable the
Diamond. Bargar's rule of thumb: We feel the internal
natural characteristics of your Diamond should not be
visable to the naked eye, though there can be
exceptions when combining the other 3C's.
The best color for a Diamond is no color at all.
On a scale from D to Z, most Diamonds range from
colorless, through increasing tinges of yellow or
brown. Generally, the less color, the more valuable
the Diamond. Bargar's rule of thumb: We try to
demonstrate to you the beauty of colorless to near
colorless Diamonds, D - J. You don't see a color of
the Diamond. You see the beautiful spectrum of colors
that the Diamond reflects.
The way a Diamond is cut, or the make,
dramatically influences how much fire and life it
has, how much it sparkles. In a well made Diamond,
the maximum amount of light is reflected back up
through the top of the stone, releasing its beauty.
Many people do not realize the important role the cut
plays in determining the value of a Diamond. Bargar's
4th rule of thumb: We hand pick only well made
Diamonds. And we would love to show you the
difference it makes.